Arthur & Henry                                                         Organic Cotton. Fair Trade Cotton. Ethical. Beautiful.

Why organic cotton?

We're still celebrating Organic September so we thought we'd share what the Soil Association says about the benefits of organic cotton.  It's a bit long.  But worth it.

  • It's better for the farm environment. Organic fibres are grown without the use of synthetic fertilisers or toxic pesticides. By building soil fertility naturally through the use of compost and manure organic farmers help lock CO2 into the soil, helping mitigate climate change, and they also avoid the greenhouse gas emissions associated with energy intensive fossil-fuel based fertilisers. It also avoids the use of the toxic pesticides that, in non-organic systems, are responsible for poisoning wildlife and rivers, as well as killing an estimated 16,000 people each year.


Some Arthur & Henry farmers loading their cotton
  • It's better for workers in the developing world. By avoiding toxic pesticides cotton workers benefit by avoiding the associated health problems and deaths common in non-organic cotton production. Avoiding pesticides also reduces production costs and farmer debts – the burden of pesticide debt has resulted in thousands of suicides in the developing world.
  • It avoids GM.  GM is banned in organic systems – an estimated 30% of all cotton grown worldwide is genetically modified. GM cotton poses a potential risk to wildlife and human health, as well as exposing farmers to unnecessary expense – Greenpeace research in South India in 2009 showed that genetically modified Bt cotton did not result in significantly higher yields than organic cotton, but cost farmers twice as much to produce as organic.
  • It doesn't use harmful manufacturing chemicals. Our standards ensure that the chemicals used in processing textiles meet strict requirements on toxicity and biodegradability, and textile manufacturers must also have a waste water treatment plant and a sound environmental policy. In contrast non-organic manufacture uses tens of thousands of acutely toxic chemicals, including heavy metals, formaldehyde and aromatic solvent, many of which are classified as hazardous by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and have been associated with cancer, birth defects and hormonal and reproductive effects in wildlife and humans. 
  • Factory conditions are higher. Poor working conditions and rights in the garments industry are common place and well documented. Manufacturers of Soil Association/GOTS certified organic textiles must meet social criteria based on the International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions. These cover minimum wages, working hours, child labour, freedom of association, discrimination, harsh or inhumane treatment and more. 
Making shirts in our factory in Bangalore


William Morris

If we could pluck a figure from history to have as Arthur & Henry's patron saint, a figure to epitomise our values, a person to look to for guidance, wisdom and inspiration it would be this man - William Morris. An incredible man, an artist, designer, craftsman and entrepreneur; a campaigner on social issues and all round good egg.  (And check out that beard.)

“Nothing should be made by man's labour which is not worth making, or which must be made by labour degrading to the makers.”

It's not hard to see why he is something of a hero to us, and then there are the designs....bliss...

So imagine our delight when we discovered that the William Morris Gallery in Walthamstow, London (Morris' family home) not only has a fantastic Morris collection but is also engaging with the issues Morris espoused, including issues around labour and exploitation in the production of textiles.

We've taken two Morris prints (more on the history of these prints and why we chose them later) and put them on fine Indian organic cotton, grown by small farmers, woven by machine, sewn by our amazing, skilled tailors in Bangalore.  We think Morris would approve.

10% of the sale of each shirt goes to the William Morris Gallery for their exhibition and education work.



"Cotton" - a film by Zhou Hao

The cotton in Arthur & Henry shirts comes from smallholder farmers in India.  Further east, in the Chinese province of Xinjiang, fields are much, much larger, but life is still tough for farmers.

We were privileged this week to see the film Cotton by acclaimed Chinese documentary maker Zhou Hao.  He records the life of a cotton farmer and his family in Xinjiang as they clear the fields, prepare them for planting (including the laying down of hundreds of metres of plastic film, which block weeds and warm the earth but must be horrifically polluting), the back breaking planting by hand, the migration of hundreds of women to pick the cotton at harvest time and, those who spin the cotton and make the clothes.

It's not the cheeriest film in the world, though the moments of bonding and giggling between the women as they leave their family responsibilities behind and pile into the train that will take them on the three day journey to Xinjiang, climbing in through windows and sleeping under the seats and in the luggage racks, has its endearing moments. 

But what it did show, loud and clear, was the hardship of their lives, our privilege in contrast - the well dressed (and well fed) buyers at the Canton Trade Show, were a stark contrast to the farmers and workers - and how little we as consumers generally understand or value the sheer amount of effort* that goes into producing the clothes we wear. 

Here's a short trailer for it, well worth five minutes of your time...

*There's a man whose job it is to turn jeans from inside out to right way round.  All day.  Every day.

May Day: Strange English Traditions

It's May Day.  Time for those old English traditions...

Men with hankies and bells...

Men with sticks and bells...

Plus Maypoles, dawn singing from Magdelen College Chapel Choir (and no doubt others) and, er, drunk students jumping off bridges.

Our Clare was a student in Oxford. (We named our Fairtrade Oxford shirts Wadham after her college) and claims she never jumped into a river or danced with hankies and bells, though there may have been some early morning revelry...



St George's Day

By George - Elvis McGonagall

Once more unto the breach, dear Morris Dancers
    once more
Jingle your bells, thwack sticks, raise flagons
Cry “God for Harry and Saint George!”
Gallant knight and slayer of dragons
Patron saint of merry England –
And Georgia, and Catalonia, and Portugal, Beirut, Moscow 
Istanbul, Germany, Greece
Archers, farmers, boy scouts, butchers and sufferers of
Multicultural icon with sword and codpiece
On, on you bullet-headed saxon sons
Fly flags from white van and cab
But remember stout yeomen, your champion was Turkish
So – get drunk and have a kebab

Poem originally commissioned by the BBC 

"I Made Your Clothes." Fashion Revolution Day 2015

We thank the tailors, cutters, cotton farmers and more who make our Arthur & Henry shirts.

If you too would like to let them know how much you appreciate the shirts they helped to make, why not drop us an email on with a picture of you in the shirt (or with the shirt) and any comments or thanks you'd like to make.  

We'll share with them.  After all, now you know who makes your shirts, wouldn't it be nice if they got to know who wears them?